Arcade Game Machine in the 80s and 90s
By the late 80s, the craze on arcade video games began to fade due to the bad reputation of arcades as being unsafe and seedy places, as well as the advancement in the home video game console technology. There was resurgence in arcade video games with the introduction of 2-player fighting games including Street Fighter II, Mortal Kombat, Fatal Fury, Killer Instinct, and The King of Fighters. Once again, arcade game machines had been visible in many public places.
However in 1996, computers and home video game consoles with 3D accelerator cards became almost equal as the arcade game machine. Arcade games had always been developed through commodity technology; however, their advantage over the previous generations of home video game systems was their ability to allow the customization and usage of the latest sound and graphics chips, like the PC games available today.
The declines in the sales volume of arcade games mean that the approach was not cost-effective anymore. Moreover, by the late 90s and early 2000s, network gaming through computers and consoles across the Web also became popular, replacing the social atmosphere and head to head competition once exclusively provided by an arcade game machine.
To remain viable and visible in the gaming industry, arcades incorporated other elements to go together with video games such as merchandisers, redemption games, and food service. Now touted as family fun centers or amusement centers, some of the venerable chains such as Gatti’s Pizza and Chuck E. Cheese’s also changed and converted their business to this format.
Today, arcades have specialized in a niche in video games that use special controllers practically inaccessible to any home users. Because of this, arcades are now known to as socially-oriented hangout, offering games that focus more on individual performance instead of the game being played. Examples of popular genres played in an arcade game machine today are Dance Dance Revolution, DrumMania, Virtua Cop, Team Crisis, and House of the Dead.